Borjomi is a mineral water of volcanic origin, which by natural standards is over 1,500 years old. It rises to the surface from the depth of 8-10 km, pushed up by natural carbon dioxide pressure. Unlike many other sodium bicarbonate mineral waters, Borjomi does not cool down before it reaches the surface and comes out warm (38-41°С), getting enriched “on its way” with a composition of 60 various minerals found in rock layers of the Caucasus Mountains.
Borjomi water tests show that it is formed by deep-earth mineralized, modern fresh and low-mineralized waters. But how do these waters form deep down there? To answer this question, let’s recall several theories explaining the origin of underground waters.
One of the first theories — infiltration — was suggested by the Roman architect Marcus Vitruvius Pollio back in ancient times, but scientists still use it today. According to this theory, underground waters are formed from precipitations penetrating the earth via channels in rock.
In the late 19th century, the entire world was captivated by the condensation theory of the German engineer Otto Volger, who believed that underground waters were formed from condensation of atmospheric water vapor in the soil.
And lastly, one of the recent theories — juvenile — was put forth in 1902 by the Austrian geologist Eduard Suess. The scientist found the evidence proving connection of certain mineral waters with the Earth magma. In his opinion, products emitted from molten magma come to areas with lower temperatures and begin to condense, thus forming juvenile (i.e. primal) waters coming to the surface as springs. But not in the pure form: rising up along the cracks in rock layers, often under pressure from gases of volcanic origin, juvenile water dissolves these rock layers, getting enriched with minerals, and mixes with underground waters of a different (often infiltration) origin.
In the early 1990s, a research discovered that in terms of the ratio of certain hydrogen isotopes, Borjomi drastically differed from other mineral waters. It is quite possible that this information proves the presence of a substantial portion of that very juvenile, “primal” component in this mineral water. Perhaps the uniqueness of Borjomi, its positive effect on the human body that sometimes defies medical analysis, and in the end, the popularity of this water stem from the mystery of its origin.
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