The Caucasus Mountains are famous all over the world for their majestic beauty. The BORJOMI-Kharagauli National Park located there stretches across an area of over 700 sq.km, being the largest in Europe. The picturesque and accessible location, healthy climate and, most importantly, mineral springs made BORJOMI one of the most popular vacation destinations in the former Soviet Union. Scientists and ethnographers do not cease talking about its “climatic phenomenon”: the purest glacier water from Bakuriani mountains and relict pine groves growing by foothills of rocks create a special ecosystem which volcanic depths give birth to the world-famous BORJOMI Gorge mineral water.
The healing properties of this water have been described as far back as in ancient eposes. According to historians and archeologists, ancient people not only drank BORJOMI water but also used it in healing baths, as attested by stone bathtubs discovered during archeological excavations and dated to the early first millennium AD. Research by the Georgian historians V. Bagrationi and V. Esadze and many other materials confirm that mineral waters from the BORJOMI Gorge were used from the 1st century AD till the late 16th century. In addition, archeologists found medieval clay pipes laid to some of BORJOMI springs. Because of the incessant wars in the 16th – 18th centuries, these springs have been forgotten and abandoned for a long time, and were rediscovered only in the 19th century, after annexation of Georgia by the Russian Empire.
BORJOMI mineral water springs are located in the central part of the Adjara-Imereti mountain range of Greater Caucasus at an altitude of 760-920 m above sea level. BORJOMI water is produced from nine wells 1,200 to 1,500 meters deep, located in the BORJOMI natural preserve.
The BORJOMI source has been explored since 1927. In total, 57 wells 18.4 to 1,502 meters deep have been drilled between 1927 and 1982. Before exploratory drilling began, the central section of this production site had two mineral springs: Yevgeniyevsky and Yekaterininsky. They went down in history of the BORJOMI Gorge as some of the first springs discovered there, and were named after Colonel Yevgeni Golovin and his daughter healed by BORJOMI water.
Today, the BORJOMI Gorge has three production sites: Central (within BORJOMI town limits), Likansky (in Likani village) and Vashlovani-Kvibissky (in Vashlovani and Kvibisi villages), where the nine production wells are located. Another 13 wells are used for regular monitoring of the source itself (water level, pressure, temperature, etc.). Since 2000, production wells have been consistently undergoing comprehensive rehabilitation and improvement work aimed at maintaining high international quality standards.
The drilling in 1957-1978 has substantially expanded the boundaries of the Borjomi source, helping discover new production sites and significantly increase reserves of BORJOMI water. It allowed producing up to 400 million bottles a year in Soviet times, and produce and bottle BORJOMI water for export to over 40 countries of the world today.
The Caucasus region boasts many mineral water varieties, but neither has the same composition as BORJOMI. Over 100 scientific works and medical studies about its unique properties have been written since the beginning of the 19th century. For over 170 years, Borjomi mineral springs have been thoroughly studied by geologists and chemists, who confirm the invariability of temperature, physicochemical properties and mineral composition of this water. Every hour, the water is subjected to chemical and microbiological analysis at the bottling plant as required by strict European standards.
Today, the composition of Borjomi is the same as it was over a century ago, as proved by regular tests performed since 1890. Checked by dozens of international research companies, Borjomi mineral water is bottled on the production site and comes to the consumer while retaining all its unique properties.
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